THE WORLD OF PHYSICS, a small library of the literature of physics from antiquity to the present, Jefferson Hane Weaver. (Simon and Schuster, 1987)
–Three volumes, a splendid set at a reasonable price to add to the home library.
THE WORLD OF MATHEMATICS, a small library of the literature of mathematics, James R. Newman. (Simon and Schuster, 1956)
–Four volumes, very nice also!
MATTER AND LIGHT, Louis Victor de Brogalie (W.W. Norton Co., Inc., 1939)
-Repetitive but to the point and logical.
NEWTONS PRINCIPIA, Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
CONCEPTS OF FORCE, Max Jammer (Harvard University Press, 1957)
MATTER AND MOTION, J.C. Maxwell (1831-1879)
THE PRINCIPLES OF MECHANICS, PRESENTED IN A NEW FORM, Heinrich Hertz, 1900
CONCEPTIONS OF ETHER, G.N. Cantor and M.J.S. Hodge (Cambridge University Press, 1981)
THE AIM AND STRUCTURE OF PHYSICAL THEORY, Pierre Duhem (Princeton University Press, 1954 [reprint?])
-Much info, and historical info, although somewhat abstract and philosophical.
A HISTORY OF PHYSICS, Forian Cajori ( Maxmillan Co., 1938)
BACK TO NEWTON, Georges de Bothezat (G.E. Stchert , 1936)
-Not all correct (in my opinion), but very important.
DIRECTIONS IN PHYSICS, P.A.M. Dirac (Wiley 1978)
IS THE END IN SIGHT FOR THEORETICAL PHYSICS, Hawkings (Cambridge University Press, 1980)
THE DISCOVERY OF SUBATOMIC PARTICLES, Weinberg (Scientific American library, 1983)
THE FAILURE OF PURE SCIENCE, Jean de Climont, editions assailly, web based book at http://editionsassailly.com/dissidents_english.htm Terrific book on inconsistencies and illogical of much of current physics.
THE NATURE OF THE UNIVERSE, Lucretius (95 to 55 BC)
-Fascinating, particularly its historical significance.
Physics Rouge Science, website at http://www.physicsroguescience.com/ This is very good discussion on history of current physics and it's inconsistencies, in simple language.
THE END OF PHYSICS, THE MYTH OF A UNIFIED THEORY,
David Lindley, 1993, Basic Books (Harper/Collins)
THE ACCELERATING UNIVERSE, Mario Livio , 2000, John Wiley and Sons
The following are on atomism specifically, with many references and large bibliographies.
THE CONFLICT BETWEEN ATOMISM AND CONSERVATION THEORY, 1644-1860, Wilson L. Scott, 1970
-I put this at the top of the list due to it's details about the central issue of impact.
ESSAY ON ATOMISM, FROM DEMOCRITUS TO 1960, Lancelot Law Wythe (Wesleyan University Press, 1961)
ATOMISM IN ENGLAND FROM HARIOT TO NEWTON, R.H. Kargon (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1966)
FROM ATOMOS TO ATOM, Melsen (Duquesne University Press, 1932)